Lymphoma cancer treatment is a way of keeping a check over abnormal cell development in lymph nodes. It can be effective in eliminating cancer tumors completely or at least curbing them to a certain level and avoiding their redevelopment in future. Lymphoma cancer cure is significant to treat primary as well as secondary tumors and also prevents severe damage to tissues present in various areas of victim's body.
Significance of Lymphoma Cancer Treatment
Lymphoma cancer is a sort of cancerous growth directly impacting immune system of victim. This cancer targets mainly the lymphocytes that are present in lymph nodes. Lymph nodes form a significant part of human body. They are spread over various areas and also form as inter-linkages between different parts or organs. Lymph nodes contain vessels that perform main function of carrying lymphs to different areas of body. Lymph is a fluid containing White Blood Cells (WBC) and is very important for building natural resistance of body to fight various kinds of infections. Such WBC are also known as lymphocytes and are present in almost all areas of human body.
Infection of cancer cells in lymphocytes can create major health complications and can also cause temporary or permanent malfunctioning of one or more organs falling within the scope of infection. Cancer of lymphoma or lymph nodes is of two major kinds â€“ Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma and Hodgkin's Lymphoma. As per details published by World Health Organization (WHO), more than 70 different forms of cancer of lymphoma may occur in human body.
Lymphoma cancer cure is helpful in dealing with all the above forms of disorders and is also important to enable fast and safe physical as well as mental recovery of victim. Recurrence or regeneration of malignant cells is another major concern to be tackled with execution of cure process. Wrong or hasty execution of treatment can also lead to severe decline in chances of survival of the victim and may allow cancerous polyps to progress into advanced lymphoma cancer stages quite fast.
Various aspects have to be taken into consideration before finalizing on a particular form of cure for the disorder. Age is an important factor dominating pattern and intensity of treatment to be executed in a particular victim. Usually the disease is highly common in adults (mainly above 60 years) and occurs in very less numbers in young people. Hence, overall mental and physical condition of a victim needs to be thoroughly examined before prescribing a particular cure. This helps in gaining maximum benefit from treatment undergone.
Main Lymphoma Cancer Treatments
Surgery is a feasible treatment for the disorder only if tumors are located only in a particular area and can be eliminated completely. In other cases, advanced methods like radiation therapy, biological therapy, and chemotherapy have to be initialized. Radiation therapy is a method of killing cancer cells by bombardment of rays of very high intensity. Such treatment has high number of side-effects but is inevitable if infection has spread to various areas of victim's body. Chemotherapy is a process of recommending various anti-cancer drugs that have potential to kill infected cells and can effectively put a check on their re-growth. In most of the cases, combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy is prescribed. Biological therapy is another option executed to strengthen immune status of victim and make him less susceptible to further infections.
Lymphoma cancer treatments have to be executed strictly with medical advice. Improper execution of lymphoma cancer cure is highly dangerous for victim's health and should be avoided.
Breast cancer support is one of the most important processes related to breast cancer as the numbers of cases related to this disease are consistently on a rise. Breast cancer is one of the most occurring cancerous disorders worldwide and accounts for nearly 23% of the overall cases of cancer. Breast cancer is the most general cancerous infection in women and is the second-most cause of cancer-deaths after lung cancer.
Breast Cancer Support: Meaning and Pattern
Support for breast cancer focuses on fast and safe recovery of victim mentally as well as physically. It also guides a person in undergoing right form of breast cancer diagnosis and breast cancer treatment at right time and helps in early identification of tumors. Breast cancer is highly common in females and around one out of eight women are susceptible to it. The chances of development of cancer of breast in women are almost 100 times more than in men.
Breast cancer causes are quite general in nature but may cause severe consequences in long-term. Alcoholism is an important cause of the disorder and may impact breast health badly. Women who face early start of menstrual periods (before 12 years of age) or go through late menopause (after 55 years of age) have high chances of being infected by cancer cells in breast. Women who undergo late pregnancy or don't get pregnant at all should take good care of their health as the cancer cells may develop rapidly in such people as compared to those who get pregnant at least once before the age of 30 years.
Breast cancer is of two main forms as ductal carcinoma and lobular carcinoma. Carcinoma of ducts arises in the ductal areas. These areas are responsible to enable flow of milk from breast to nipple. Ductal carcinoma is of non-invasive form. Lobular carcinoma refers to generation of cancerous lumps in lobules and the tumors may invade to other areas at a faster rate in comparison to ductal carcinoma. Lobules are the main milk-generating organs of breast and are vital in post-pregnancy stages when a newborn child has to be breast-fed.
Breast cancer support helps to create breast cancer awareness among the victims as well as general people and guides well-wishers or family members of victims to opt for proper and systematic care pattern. Various organizations work on global or regional basis to ensure proper and timely support to breast cancer patients.
Breast cancer support can be financial or non-financial. Financial support for breast cancer deals with monetary needs of the victim and helps them in opting for most contemporary forms of breast cancer therapy. Financial support is of great advantage for economically backward victims. Various research and charity institutions are indulged in supporting breast cancer victims financially. Various initiatives taken by Government bodies in the form of health schemes, policies, or insurance benefits are an indirect form of financial support to breast cancer patients.
Non-financial breast cancer support deals with general activities like creating awareness about the disease, making people aware of new research findings and breakthroughs, arranging workshops and seminars for patients and their families.
Breast cancer support is carried out through various organizations. Susan G. Komen For The Cure established in 1982 is the world's largest breast cancer victim's network and has played a lead role in breast cancer support. Other organizations like Macmillan Cancer Support (United Kingdom), National Cancer Institute (United States of America), American Cancer Society (USA), CanCare (USA), Breast Cancer Support (USA), and Breast Cancer Society (USA) are quite active in supporting breast cancer victims.
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Breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed female medical problems in the US and UK. This is a devastating disease that may cost life, if diagnosed late. Hence, steps are taken by the health department to spread awareness about the disease regarding its risk factors, symptoms, staging, treatments available and the prognosis of the treatments.
October is celebrated as the international breast cancer awareness month and the whole month is dedicated to various activities supporting the motive of the spreading awareness. Pink is the breast cancer awareness color and anyone wearing pink ribbon during the month of October, is identified as a moral supporter for the breast cancer campaign and also extending moral support to the women suffering this devastating disease.
AstraZeneca initiated the celebrations of October as a breast cancer awareness month in the year 1985, who are manufacturers of breast cancer medications. The use of pink ribbon as a color for the breast cancer awareness began in the year 1991.
First use of pink ribbons for spreading awareness about breast cancer began during the New York City race conducted for fund raising for the breast cancer survivors. Susan G. Komen Foundation, working for the breast cancer awareness, handed pink-ribbons to all the participants of the race.
Although, it is rare in men but they do fall prey to this disease. A pink and blue color represents moral support for men suffering from this condition and also spreading awareness that the disease may affect men. The use of a pink and blue ribbon is since 1996.
Various activities are conducted throughout the month of October to recognize and understand the needs and experiences of the people suffering from this disease. Activities may include free screening tests to diagnose the disease. Free screenings helps it to be more easy and accessible to all income groups.
Information and support services during breast cancer awareness month may also be held to provide updates about breakthrough treatment techniques and prognosis of the disease. Also, such services help the patients and family members overcome anxiety and help them to boost the ability to cope with the disease.
Chemotherapy treatment is used to prevent cancer cells from multiplying. The drawback of cancer chemotherapy is that it cannot differentiate between health cells and cancerous cells and so while the drug is prescribed some side effects may occur as healthy cells are killed.
Following are the types of chemotherapy:
Plant alkaloids as the name suggest are made from plants, taxanes, vinca alkaloids, podophyllotoxins are some of the plant alkaloids. These alkaloids are specific to cell cycle; that means they are sensitive to cell division.
Asian happy tree- camptothecan
May apple plant- podophyllptoxins
Pacific yew tree's bark- taxanes
Periwinkle plant- vinca alkaloids
When cells start dividing these alkylating agents starts damaging the DNA of the cell and hence the cell stops dividing itself. Following are some effective alkylating agents that are used in cancer treatments:
Mustard gas derivatives- chlorambucil, mechlorethamine, cyclophosphamide, melphalan and ifosfamide
Metal salt- oxaliplatin, carboplatin and cisplatin
These antibiotics are cell specific and are active during the cell division. Soil fungus streptomyces is used to produce these antibiotics. Some of them are
Anthracyclines- epirubicin, doxorubicin, mitoxantrone, idarubicin and daunorubicin
Chromomycins- dactinomycin and plicamycin
These anti tumor antibiotics are used for DNA replication. They react with the enzymes that are necessary for DNA replication and are non specific to cell cycle. Eg mitomycin, bleomycin and doxorubicin
These drugs have the topoisomerase enzymes which play an important role in the manipulation of DNA structure which is very important for replication during the treatment.
These are sensitive to cell cycle and at a certain stage of cell division they are effective in controlling the growth of DNA and RNA.
These are various drugs in the chemo treatment and it depends upon the kind and stage of cancer which drug is to be prescribed. Each such drug comes with a side effect and one must take doctorâ€™s advice as to how to deal with them.
Chemotherapy is the treatment used for treating cancer by destroying the cancerous cells. It is also used for treating breast cancer. This treatment is taken either before surgery, after surgery or as a measure to stop the cancer spreading to other parts or reoccurrence of cancer.
The treatment given to the breast cancer patient is based on several factors such as the overall health of the person and the stage of breast cancer. However, there are two types of breast cancer chemotherapy used for treating it. They are Adjuvant chemotherapy and Neoadjuvant therapy.
Adjuvant chemotherapy: This type of chemotherapy is used for destroying the cancer and is a very primary form of treatment used for treating breast cancer. It is a very systematic method of treating cancer. This treatment is very useful and helps to increase survival rate of the patients affected with this cancer. There are some types of adjuvant chemotherapy also which use a combination of hormonal therapy, radiation therapy for treatment.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy: This is used for reducing the tumor and is usually given before primary treatment. Once the tumor is reduced using this therapy it is then surgically removed.
There are some side effects which are faced by the individual undergoing this treatment. They are diarrhea, sore mouth, hair loss, feeling sick and sore eyes. These side effects are temporary and will be diminished after treatment.
You can consult a doctor to get medications which would help you to get a relief from these side effects. There are some long term side effects to this treatment as well. They are gaining weight, early menopause, affect on the heart; reduced cognitive functions and difficulty in losing the weight. Some of the long term side effects of this treatment can be life threatening.
However along with these side effects, you should also consider the fact that this treatment increases the survival rate of the patient and also the chances of reoccurrence of breast cancer is reduced.
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